11 Employee benefit expense

 

 

 

 

€ million

Note

2018

2017

Wages and salaries

 

807

790

Social security costs

 

123

121

Post-employment benefits – defined benefit plans

32

61

72

Post-employment benefits – defined contribution plans

 

18

25

Share-based payments to employees and directors

27

65

88

Insurance

 

51

47

Other employee benefits

 

55

57

Total employee benefit expense

 

1 180

1 200

 

 

 

 

The total employee benefit expense has been allocated along functional lines within the income statement.

Other employee benefits consist mainly of termination benefits, severance payments, and other long-term/ short-term disability benefits.

 

 

 

Headcount at 31 December

2018

2017

Hourly Paid

0

3

Monthly Paid

3 024

3 139

Management

4 471

4 336

Total

7 495

7 478

 

 

 

Further information regarding post-employment benefits and share-based payments can be found in Notes 32 and 27.